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API Gateway Rest API

Events are sent synchronously to the Lambda function with a timeout of 30 seconds.

Limits

Lambda specific hard limitations, see API Gateway quotas for configuring and running a REST API for other limits.

  • Payload limit of 6mb for the Lambda
  • Maximum timeout of 30 seconds

Request

Tip

The input and out format matches API Gateway V2 - Http api format 1.0

Http GET request example

Http GET request example
{
  "resource": "/my/path",
  "path": "/my/path",
  "httpMethod": "GET",
  "headers": {
    "header1": "value1",
    "header2": "value2"
  },
  "multiValueHeaders": {
    "header1": [
      "value1"
    ],
    "header2": [
      "value1",
      "value2"
    ]
  },
  "queryStringParameters": {
    "parameter1": "value1",
    "parameter2": "value"
  },
  "multiValueQueryStringParameters": {
    "parameter1": [
      "value1",
      "value2"
    ],
    "parameter2": [
      "value"
    ]
  },
  "requestContext": {
    "accountId": "123456789012",
    "apiId": "id",
    "authorizer": {
      "claims": null,
      "scopes": null
    },
    "domainName": "id.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com",
    "domainPrefix": "id",
    "extendedRequestId": "request-id",
    "httpMethod": "GET",
    "identity": {
      "accessKey": null,
      "accountId": null,
      "caller": null,
      "cognitoAuthenticationProvider": null,
      "cognitoAuthenticationType": null,
      "cognitoIdentityId": null,
      "cognitoIdentityPoolId": null,
      "principalOrgId": null,
      "sourceIp": "IP",
      "user": null,
      "userAgent": "user-agent",
      "userArn": null,
      "clientCert": {
        "clientCertPem": "CERT_CONTENT",
        "subjectDN": "www.example.com",
        "issuerDN": "Example issuer",
        "serialNumber": "a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1:a1",
        "validity": {
          "notBefore": "May 28 12:30:02 2019 GMT",
          "notAfter": "Aug  5 09:36:04 2021 GMT"
        }
      }
    },
    "path": "/my/path",
    "protocol": "HTTP/1.1",
    "requestId": "id=",
    "requestTime": "04/Mar/2020:19:15:17 +0000",
    "requestTimeEpoch": 1583349317135,
    "resourceId": null,
    "resourcePath": "/my/path",
    "stage": "$default"
  },
  "pathParameters": null,
  "stageVariables": null,
  "body": "Hello from Lambda!",
  "isBase64Encoded": false
}

Http post request

Http post request
{
  "body": "eyJ0ZXN0IjoiYm9keSJ9",
  "resource": "/{proxy+}",
  "path": "/path/to/resource",
  "httpMethod": "POST",
  "isBase64Encoded": true,
  "queryStringParameters": {
    "foo": "bar"
  },
  "multiValueQueryStringParameters": {
    "foo": [
      "bar"
    ]
  },
  "pathParameters": {
    "proxy": "/path/to/resource"
  },
  "stageVariables": {
    "baz": "qux"
  },
  "headers": {
    "Accept": "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8",
    "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate, sdch",
    "Accept-Language": "en-US,en;q=0.8",
    "Cache-Control": "max-age=0",
    "CloudFront-Forwarded-Proto": "https",
    "CloudFront-Is-Desktop-Viewer": "true",
    "CloudFront-Is-Mobile-Viewer": "false",
    "CloudFront-Is-SmartTV-Viewer": "false",
    "CloudFront-Is-Tablet-Viewer": "false",
    "CloudFront-Viewer-Country": "US",
    "Host": "1234567890.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com",
    "Upgrade-Insecure-Requests": "1",
    "User-Agent": "Custom User Agent String",
    "Via": "1.1 08f323deadbeefa7af34d5feb414ce27.cloudfront.net (CloudFront)",
    "X-Amz-Cf-Id": "cDehVQoZnx43VYQb9j2-nvCh-9z396Uhbp027Y2JvkCPNLmGJHqlaA==",
    "X-Forwarded-For": "127.0.0.1, 127.0.0.2",
    "X-Forwarded-Port": "443",
    "X-Forwarded-Proto": "https"
  },
  "multiValueHeaders": {
    "Accept": [
      "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8"
    ],
    "Accept-Encoding": [
      "gzip, deflate, sdch"
    ],
    "Accept-Language": [
      "en-US,en;q=0.8"
    ],
    "Cache-Control": [
      "max-age=0"
    ],
    "CloudFront-Forwarded-Proto": [
      "https"
    ],
    "CloudFront-Is-Desktop-Viewer": [
      "true"
    ],
    "CloudFront-Is-Mobile-Viewer": [
      "false"
    ],
    "CloudFront-Is-SmartTV-Viewer": [
      "false"
    ],
    "CloudFront-Is-Tablet-Viewer": [
      "false"
    ],
    "CloudFront-Viewer-Country": [
      "US"
    ],
    "Host": [
      "0123456789.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com"
    ],
    "Upgrade-Insecure-Requests": [
      "1"
    ],
    "User-Agent": [
      "Custom User Agent String"
    ],
    "Via": [
      "1.1 08f323deadbeefa7af34d5feb414ce27.cloudfront.net (CloudFront)"
    ],
    "X-Amz-Cf-Id": [
      "cDehVQoZnx43VYQb9j2-nvCh-9z396Uhbp027Y2JvkCPNLmGJHqlaA=="
    ],
    "X-Forwarded-For": [
      "127.0.0.1, 127.0.0.2"
    ],
    "X-Forwarded-Port": [
      "443"
    ],
    "X-Forwarded-Proto": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  "requestContext": {
    "accountId": "123456789012",
    "resourceId": "123456",
    "stage": "prod",
    "requestId": "c6af9ac6-7b61-11e6-9a41-93e8deadbeef",
    "requestTime": "09/Apr/2015:12:34:56 +0000",
    "requestTimeEpoch": 1428582896000,
    "identity": {
      "cognitoIdentityPoolId": null,
      "accountId": null,
      "cognitoIdentityId": null,
      "caller": null,
      "accessKey": null,
      "sourceIp": "127.0.0.1",
      "cognitoAuthenticationType": null,
      "cognitoAuthenticationProvider": null,
      "userArn": null,
      "userAgent": "Custom User Agent String",
      "user": null
    },
    "path": "/prod/path/to/resource",
    "resourcePath": "/{proxy+}",
    "httpMethod": "POST",
    "apiId": "1234567890",
    "protocol": "HTTP/1.1"
  }
}

Getting the correlation id

JSON path to correlation id: requestContext.requestId

Generating sample events

sam local generate-event apigateway aws-proxy --body {"test":"body"} --path foo --method POST
sam local generate-event apigateway aws-proxy --path foo --method GET

Response

Output data structure

Output data structure
{
    "isBase64Encoded": true|false,
    "statusCode": httpStatusCode,
    "headers": { "headerName": "headerValue", ... },
    "multiValueHeaders": { "headerName": ["headerValue", "headerValue2", ...], ... },
    "body": "..."
}

Rest api response example

Rest api response example
{
    "statusCode": 200,
    "headers": {
        "Content-Type": "application/json"
    },
    "body": "{\"foo\": \"value\"}",
    "isBase64Encoded": false
}

Base64 encoded response example

Base64 encoded response example
{
    "statusCode": 200,
    "headers": {
        "Content-Type": "application/json",
        "Content-Encoding": "gzip"
    },
    "body": "H4sIAAAAAAACE6tWKkktLlGyUlAqS8wpTVWqBQCJ88g/EQAAAA==",
    "isBase64Encoded": true
}

Resources

Typed Lambda handlers by Language

Event Handlers by Language

Documentation


Last update: 2022-09-13